Procedure Text (Pengertian, Tujuan, Ciri-ciri, dan Contoh)


Materi Procedure Text

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A. Pengertian dan Tujuan

  1. Procedure text adalah suatu jenis teks yang menjelaskan suatu langkah dalam mengerjakan suatu hal atau suatu intruksi bagaimana cara untuk melakukan kegiatan.

(Contoh: membuat nasi goreng, membuat pizza, mengoperasaikan laptop, TV, AC dll atau how to make fried rice, how to make pizza, how to use laptop)

  1. Di dalam procedure text ada bagian materials/ingrediens (berisi bahan-bahan atai alat yang digunakan) dan step/method/intructions (berisi langkah-langkah atau tahap yang dikerjakan)
  2. Procedure text biasanya menggunakan “how to…, how to make, how to use…”
  3. Tujuan Text procedure yakni untuk menerangkan bagaimana cara melakukan atau membuat sesuatu. (The purpose is to tell the readers how to do or how to make something through a sequence of steps.)


  1. Ciri-ciri Procedure Text
  2. Menggunakan simple present tense
  3. Berbentuk kalimat perintah atau imperative
  4. Menggunakan action verbs (ex: put, make, boil, mix, cut, etc)
  5. Menggunakan temporal conjuctions (ex: first, second, third, then, next, after that, finally, etc)


  1. Contoh Procedure Text

How to Make Delicious Fried Rice


  • ½ onion, finely chopped
  • 2 eggs
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • Pepper as needed
  • 2 plates of previously cooked rice
  • A tablespoon oyster sauce
  • Two tablespoon frying oil
  • Peas and chopped carrots as needed


  1. Heat the pan with medium heat. Pour the oil into the pan.
  2. When the oil is hot enough, slide the onion, peas, and carrots to the side.
  3. Then pour the beaten eggs onto the other side. Scramble the egg using spatula.
  4. When the veggie and egg mixture is half cooked, add the rice and stir.
  5. Do not use rice you have just cooked because it will be like porridge.
  6. Add the salt, pepper and oyster sauce.
  7. Stir until it is all cooked.
  8. You can add some chili or chili powder if you like spicy foods.
  9. You can also add other ingredients like shrimp, sausage, or meatball to make it more delicious. But you need to add it before you add the rice to make sure that all the ingredients will be well cooked together.

How to Make Meatballs


  • 1 kilo of very fine minced meat.
  • 2 eggs.
  • 300 grams of tapioca-flour.
  • 4-8 cloves of garlic.
  • 1 red onion.
  • 1 teaspoon of white pepper.
  • 2 teaspoons of salt.

The steps:

  1. First of all, mix garlic, red onion, salt, and white pepper in a mortar or mixer.
  2. Second, mix the spice-mixture with the eggs, the tapioca-flour and the minced meat.
  3. After that, use your fingers, add a cup of water, and keep on working until the mixture feels soft and smooth.
  4. Then, boil some water in a rather large pot, at least about 2 liters.
  5. Next step, start rolling the mixture into small meatballs.
  6. Finally, lower the meatballs into the boiling water. When they float up to the surface, the meatballs are ready to serve.