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Teori dan Pengertian Mind Map Versi Tony Buzan

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Apa itu Mind Map

Mindmapping ialah suatu cara baru untuk mencatat ide maupun gagasan pikiran. Metode tersbut dipopulerkan oleh Tony Buzan, seorang penulis dan bintang televisi terkenal dari Inggris.Sistem ini jauh lebih efektif dari sistem mencatat linear yang selama ini kita lakukan sejak masih di bangku sekolah dasar. Mencatat materi runtut ke bawah menggunakan urutan nomor dan angka ternyata tidak sesuai dengan cara bekerja otak kita. Mencatat secara linear berarti menggunakan cara kerja otak kiri, sedangkan mencatat dengan sistem mindmapping adalah cara bekerja otak kanan yang melibatkan kreativitas, imajinasi, visualisasi dan berhubungan langsung dengan otak bawah sadar sehingga mudah untuk diingat. [1]

Mind maping bisa diartikan sebagai proses memetakan pikiran untuk menghubungkan konsep-konsep permasalahan tertentu dari cabang-cabang sel saraf membentuk korelasi konsep menuju pada suatu pemahaman dan hasilnya dituangkan langsung di atas kertas dengan animasi yang disukai dan gampang dimengerti oleh pembuatnya. Sehingga tulisan yang dihasilkan merupakan gambaran langsung dari cara kerja koneksi-koneksi di dalam otak.

Berikut ini disajikan pengetahuan singkat tentang mind map dan pembuatannya dari Tony Buzan untuk teman-teman guru mapel bahasa Inggris atau yang berminat. Sengaja dicantumkan versi aslinya.

A Mind Map is a powerful graphic technique which provides a universal key to unlock the potential of the brain. It harnesses the full range of cortical skills – word, image, number, logic, rhythm, colour and spatial awareness – in a single, uniquely powerful manner. In so doing, it gives you the freedom to roam the infinite expanses of your brain. The Mind Map can be applied to every aspect of life where improved learning and clearer thinking will enhance human performance.

What do you need to make a Mind Map?

Because Mind Maps are so easy to do and so natural, the ingredients for your “Mind Map Recipe” are very few:

  • Blank unlined paper
  • Coloured pens and pencils
  • Your Brain
  • Your imagination!

When you use Mind Maps on a daily basis, you will find that your life becomes more productive, fulfilled, and successful on every level. There are no limits to the number of thoughts, ideas and connections that your brain can make, which means that there are no limits to the different ways you can use Mind Maps to help you.

7 Steps to Making a Mind Map (Tahap-tahap melakukan Mind Map)

  1. Start in the CENTRE of a blank page turned sideways. Why? Because starting in the centre gives your Brain freedom to spread out in all directions and to express itself more freely and naturally.
  2. Use an IMAGE or PICTURE for your central idea. Why? Because an imageis worth a thousand words and helps you use your Imagination. A central image is more interesting, keeps you focussed, helps you concentrate, and gives your Brain more of a buzz!
  3. Use COLOURS throughout. Why? Because colours are as exciting to your Brain as are images. Colour adds extra vibrancy and life to your Mind Map, adds tremendous energy to your Creative Thinking, and is fun!
  4. CONNECT your MAIN BRANCHES to the central image and connect your second- and third-level branches to the first and second levels, etc. Why? Because your Brain works by It likes to link two (or three, or four) things together. If you connect the branches, you will understand and remember a lot more easily.
  5. Make your branches CURVED rather than straight-lined. Why? Because having nothing but straight lines is boring to your Brain.
  6. Use ONE KEY WORD PER LINE. Why Because single key words give your Mind Map more power and flexibility.
  7. Use IMAGES throughout. Why Because each image, like the central image, is also worth a thousand words. So if you have only 10 images in your Mind Map, it’s already the equal of 10,000 words of notes!

Originated in the late 1960s by Tony Buzan Mind Maps are now used by millions of people around the world – from the very young to the very old – whenever they wish to use their minds more effectively. Find out all about Mind Mapping by reading the Ultimate Book of Mind Maps or attend a training session on Mind Mapping with Tony Buzan.

sumber : http://www.tonybuzan.com/about/mind-mapping/

[1] http://bacakilat.com/tips-mudah-membuat-mind-map/

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